Publication — IRIC
Bortezomib Maintenance After Allogeneic Transplantation in Newly Diagnosed Myeloma Patients Results in Decreased Incidence and Severity of Chronic GVHD.
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has curative potential in myeloma but remains hampered by high rates of relapse and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We hypothesized that bortezomib (BTZ) as maintenance therapy after allo HCT could not only decrease the incidence of relapse but also the incidence and severity of chronic GVHD. The primary endpoint of this study was to determine whether BTZ maintenance decreases the incidence and severity of chronic GVHD using National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria. The secondary endpoints were to determine the immunosuppression burden, organ involvement and survival (overall survival, progression-free survival) in patients either receiving or not receiving BTZ. In this retrospective study, we compared the outcome of 46 myeloma patients who received BTZ after upfront tandem auto-allo HCT between 2008 and 2020 to 61 patients without maintenance. We explored the impact of BTZ maintenance on incidence and severity of chronic GVHD using the 2014 NIH criteria. At 2 years, incidences of overall (61.2% versus 83.6%; P = .001), and moderate/severe chronic GVHD (44.5% versus 77.0%; P = .001) were significantly lower in BTZ recipients who had less mouth (43% versus 67%; P = .018) and eyes (9% versus 41%; P = .001) involvement at initial diagnosis. We report a lower use of systemic steroids (45.1% versus 76.4%; P < .001), mycophenolate mofetil (15.5% versus 28.2%; P = .031) and tacrolimus (34.5% versus 70.6%; P < .001) in BTZ recipients. Probability of being alive and off systemic immunosuppressants at 3 years was 77% in BTZ recipients and 56% in controls (P = .046). To date, there is no difference in survival between both groups. In summary, BTZ maintenance improved incidence and severity of chronic GVHD and should be considered as a valid option in myeloma patients receiving upfront tandem auto-allo HCT.