Publication — IRIC
Combined IFN-γ and JAK inhibition to treat hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in mice.
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory disease caused by genetic defects in the granule-mediated cytotoxic pathway. Success of hematopoietic cell transplantation, the only cure, is correlated with the extent of disease control before transplantation. Unfortunately, disease refractoriness and toxicities to standard chemotherapy-based regimens are fatal in a fraction of patients. Novel targeted immunotherapies, such as IFN-γ blocking antibodies or ruxolitinib, a Janus kinase (JAK) 1/2 inhibitor, are promising but only partially effective at controlling disease.