Publication — IRIC

Kinetic properties of chimeric class I aldehyde dehydrogenases for retinal isomers.

Retinal dehydrogenase type 1 (RALDH1) catalyzes the oxidation of all-trans and 9-cis retinal to the respective retinoic acids (RAs), whereas another member of the aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) family, the phenobarbital-induced aldehyde dehydrogenase (PB-ALDH), is very poorly active. We have previously generated chimeras between these 2 enzymes that displayed selectivity for retinal isomers in crude bacterial extracts. Here we have characterized the kinetic properties of the corresponding purified recombinant proteins. The all-trans selective chimera RALDH-131 converted all-trans retinal to all-trans RA with 2.9-fold lower efficiency than the wild-type RALDH1 and had only residual activity with 9-cis retinal. The converse chimera PB-131 was specific for 9-cis retinal, with no residual activity for all-trans retinal. MgCl2 inhibited the activities of RALDH1 and PB-131, but not of RALDH-131, suggesting that amino acids 132-510 in RALDH are necessary for inhibition by MgCl2. These data demonstrate that the chimeric enzymes act as retinal isomer-selective ALDHs, and suggest that these enzymes may be useful to study the roles of cis RA isomers in embryogenesis and differentiation in vivo.

Date de publication
1st October 2006
Brodeur H, Chagnon S, Parisotto M, Mader S, Bhat PV
Référence PubMed
Biochem. Cell Biol. 2006;84(5):799-804
ID PubMed
Laboratory of Nutrition and Cancer, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal-Hotel Dieu, Université de Montréal, 3850 Saint Urbain St, Montréal, QC H2W 1T7, Canada.