Publication — IRIC
UM171 Expansion of Cord Blood Improves Donor Availability and HLA Matching For All Patients, Including Minorities.
Cord blood (CB) stem cell transplantation offers a greater tolerance to HLA mismatches compared to adult-derived stem cell transplants (i.e., bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells). Indeed, 4/6 or 5/8 HLA-matched CB transplantations are regularly performed for patients lacking a matched unrelated donor. Unfortunately, most banked CB units contain a stem cell dose that is too small to treat adult patients, resulting in only 4% to 5% of available CB units offering an adequate cell dose for prompt engraftment for adult patients. Ex vivo stem cell expansion appears to be an attractive strategy to circumvent this cell dose issue, while also enabling the selection of better HLA-matched CB units. In this study, we retrospectively performed HLA matching simulations to assess how the minimal cell content requirements associated with UM171 CB expansion may improve usability of existing CB unit inventories and donor availability for patients of different races and ethnicities. We analyzed a dataset of 58,971 adults for whom a donor search was initiated through the National Marrow Donor Program Be The Match registry against 142,942 CB units from major U.S. public CB banks listed on the Be The Match registry. Our results show that by enabling selection of smaller CB units, UM171-expanded CB transplantation increases donor availability from 72% to 84% for all patients compared to single unmanipulated CB transplantation. Furthermore, the low cell dose criteria for UM171-expanded CB also increases donor availability compared to double CB transplantation, while enabling better HLA matching between donor and recipient. UM171 expanded CB appears particularly beneficial for racial and ethnic minority patients as CB availability increases from 53% to 78% for African Americans, from 66% to 85% for Hispanics, and from 68% to 84% for Asians and Pacific Islanders, compared to single unmanipulated CB transplantation. In addition, UM171 expansion dramatically improves usability of CB units currently in inventories, as only 4.3% and 0.6% of banked CBs have sufficient cell doses for a 70 kg and 100 kg patient, respectively. UM171 raises this proportion to 53.8% and 20.2%, respectively, making CB banks potentially more cost effective. In conclusion, UM171 expansion allows the use of smaller CB units while also improving access to transplantation for racial and ethnic minorities.