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Coupled transport of p24 family members.

Emery G, Rojo M, Gruenberg J

Department of Biochemistry, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland.

Recent studies show that small trans-membrane proteins of approximately 22-24 kDa (the p24 family), which are grouped into 4 sub-families by sequence homology (p23, p24, p25 and p26), are involved in the early secretory pathway. In this study, we have investigated the mutual requirements of ectopically expressed members of the p24 family for targeting to their proper cellular destination. We find that coexpression of p23 and p24 is both necessary and sufficient for each protein to be transported to the cis-Golgi network/Golgi complex. Proteins from other subfamilies did not substitute for either p23 or p24, even after multiple coexpression. However, trafficking of the p23/p24 couple was facilitated by coexpression of proteins from other sub-families. In addition, we find that the sequence resembling an endoplasmic reticulum retrieval signal present in the cytoplasmic domain of p23 (but not p24) is dispensable. In contrast, the conserved coiled-coil region in the lumenal domain is absolutely required in both p23 and p24 for proper targeting of the p23/p24 couple. These data demonstrate that p23 and p24 must interact with each other to reach their destination, but that this strict requirement is combined with a mutual dependence amongst p24 proteins. We speculate that p24 proteins can form different oligomeric complexes, which contribute to confer specialized sorting/trafficking properties to membranes of the early secretory pathway, perhaps serving as membrane organizers.

J. Cell. Sci. 2000;113 ( Pt 13):2507-16.

Pubmed ID: 10852829

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