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Publication — IRIC

DELE1 haploinsufficiency causes resistance to mitochondrial stress-induced apoptosis in monosomy 5/del(5q) AML.

Monosomy 5 and deletions of the chromosome 5q (-5/del(5q)) are recurrent events in de novo adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML), reaching up to 40% of cases in secondary AML. These chromosome anomalies are associated with TP53 mutations and with very poor prognosis. Using the large Leucegene genomic and transcriptomic dataset composed of 48 -5/del(5q) patient specimens and 367 control AML, we identified DELE1 – located in the common deleted region – as the most consistently downregulated gene in these leukemias. DELE1 encodes a mitochondrial protein recently characterized as the relay of mitochondrial stress to the cytosol through a newly defined OMA1-DELE1-HRI pathway which ultimately leads to the activation of ATF4, the master transcription factor of the integrated stress response. Here, we showed that the partial loss of DELE1 expression observed in -5/del(5q) patients was sufficient to significantly reduce the sensitivity to mitochondrial stress in AML cells. Overall, our results suggest that DELE1 haploinsufficiency could represent a new driver mechanism in -5/del(5q) AML.

Date de publication
15 décembre 2023
Spinella JF, Chagraoui J, Moison C, Lavallée VP, Boivin I, Gracias D, Lavallée S, Carpentier GR, Beliveau F, Hébert J, Sauvageau G
Référence PubMed
Leukemia 2023
ID PubMed
Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.