Publication — IRIC
ArfGAP1 regulates the endosomal sorting of guidance receptors to promote directed collective cell migration in vivo.
Chemotaxis drives diverse migrations important for development and involved in diseases, including cancer progression. Using border cells in the Drosophila egg chamber as a model for collective cell migration, we characterized the role of ArfGAP1 in regulating chemotaxis during this process. We found that ArfGAP1 is required for the maintenance of receptor tyrosine kinases, the guidance receptors, at the plasma membrane. In the absence of ArfGAP1, the level of active receptors is reduced at the plasma membrane and increased in late endosomes. Consequently, clusters with impaired ArfGAP1 activity lose directionality. Furthermore, we found that the number and size of late endosomes and lysosomes are increased in the absence of ArfGAP1. Finally, genetic interactions suggest that ArfGAP1 acts on the kinase and GTPase Lrrk to regulate receptor sorting. Overall, our data indicate that ArfGAP1 is required to maintain guidance receptors at the plasma membrane and promote chemotaxis.