Publication — IRIC
Mapping the MOB proteins’ proximity network reveals a unique interaction between human MOB3C and the RNase P complex.
Distinct functions mediated by members of the monopolar spindle-one-binder (MOB) family of proteins remain elusive beyond the evolutionarily conserved and well-established roles of MOB1 (MOB1A/B) in regulating tissue homeostasis within the Hippo pathway. Since MOB proteins are adaptors, understanding how they engage in protein-protein interactions, and help assemble complexes is essential to define the full scope of their biological functions. To address this, we undertook a proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) approach to define the interactomes of all seven human MOB proteins in HeLa and HEK293 cell lines. We uncovered > 200 interactions, of which at least 70% are unreported on BioGrid. The generated dataset reliably recalled the bona fide interactors of the well-studied MOBs. We further defined the common and differential interactome between different MOBs on a subfamily and an individual level. We discovered a unique association between MOB3C and 7 out of 10 protein subunits of the RNase P complex, an endonuclease that catalyzes tRNA 5′ maturation. As a proof-of-principle for the robustness of the generated dataset, we validated the specific interaction of MOB3C with catalytically active RNase P by using affinity purification-mass spectrometry and pre-tRNA cleavage assays of MOB3C pulldowns. In summary, our data provide novel insights into the biology of MOB proteins and reveal the first interactors of MOB3C, components of the RNase P complex, and hence an exciting nexus with RNA biology.